Georgetown University

School of Foreign Service

Washington, DC  20057-1052

(202) 687-8375 (Office)

(202) 687-8376 (Fax)







2000-     University Professor


1993-     Professor of Religion and International Affairs

               and Professor of Islamic Studies;


1993-2004  Founding Director, Center for Muslim-  

        Christian Understanding, Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign   

        Service, Georgetown University


2006-          Founding Director, The Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Center for Muslim-  

                    Christian Understanding


1991-95  Loyola Professor of Middle East Studies;

               Professor of Islamic Studies, College of the Holy 



1987-1991     Director, Center for International Studies, College of the Holy Cross


1986-1993     Adjunct Professor of Diplomacy

                        The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University


1986               Visiting Professor of Asian Studies, Oberlin College



1984-95         Professor, Department of Religious Studies, College of the Holy Cross


1975-84         Associate Professor and Chair, Department of

                        Religious Studies





Ph.D., Temple University, 1974 - Major: Islamic Studies

                                                     Minor: Comparative Religions


Middle East Center for Arab Studies

Shemlan, Lebanon, 1971-72                       (Arabic)


University of Pennsylvania, 1969    (Arabic)


M.A., St. John's University, 1966   (Theology)


B.A., St. Anthony College, 1963     (Philosophy)


Elected Senior Associate, St. Antony College, Oxford University, 1982-83.


Visiting Scholar, Center for the Study of World Religions, Harvard University, 1979-80.





Offices and Honors:


2006 Doctor of Humane Letters, Immaculata University


2005 Pakistan’s Quaid-i-Azzam Award for Outstanding Contributions in Literature and Islamic Studies


2005 American Academy of Religion’s Martin E. Marty Award for the Public Understanding of Religion


2003 School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University Award for Outstanding Teaching


2000- Appointed University Professor, Georgetown University


1996 World Book Prize, Islamic Republic of Iran


1991 Appointed Loyola Professor of Middle East Studies, College of the Holy Cross


1988-91 President-Elect, President, and Past-President, Middle East Studies Association of North America


1989-92 President, American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies


1988 Appointed William R. Kenan Professor of Religion, College of William and Mary. Declined.


1988 Election to American Society for the Study of Religion.





Georgetown University


2006 - Founding Director, Prince Alwaleed Center for Muslim-Christian 

                     Understanding: History and International Affairs


1993 - 2004 Founding Director, Center for Muslim-Christian 

                     Understanding: History and International Affairs



College of the Holy Cross


     1987 - 91 Director, Center for International Studies

     1984 - 86 Organizer and Chair, International Studies 


     1975 - 84 Chair, Department of Religious Studies


Project/Conference Director


     2003 Director, Asian Islam in the 21st Century, Hawaii


     2002 Director, “The Islamic World and U.S. Foreign Policy,” Wye Plantation, Md.


     2000 Co-director: Asian Islam in the 21st Century, Bangkok.


     1999 Co-director, “Divinity and Global Politics,” Cyprus.


     1999 Co-director, “The Iranian Revolution: Twenty Years Later,”

     Washington, D.C.


     1997 Co-director, “Western Perceptions of Muslims; Muslims Perceptions 

     of the West,” Islamabad, Pakistan.


     1997 Co-director, “Power Sharing II,” London.


     1996 “Religion and Global Order,” University of Wales


     1995 Co-director “Islam in Southeast Asia”, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


     1992-94 "Democracy, Identity, and Conflict Resolution in the  

               Islamic World." (USIP)


     1990-93 "Scholar-Activists in Contemporary Islam." (NEH)


     1989  (Co-director) "The Iranian Revolution Ten Years 

               Later: What Has Been Its Global Impact?" The Johns 

               Hopkins University (SAIS).


     1986   Program Chair, Annual Meeting, Middle East Studies 



     1985   Program Chair, Annual Meeting, American Council for 

            the Study of Islamic Societies.


     1984    Islam and Public Life in Asia (Afghanistan to

             Philippines), International Symposium sponsored by 

             the Asia Society.


     1979    The Islamic Resurgence: Prospects and Implications

             (Sudan to Malaysia) International Symposium.




Editorial Boards


       2007- International Dialogue, A Multidisciplinary Journal of World Affairs


      2007- International Advisory Board of the Encyclopedia of Islamic Economics     


      2007 - Co-editor, Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication


      2006 - Edinburgh History of Islamic Empires


      2006 - Religion Compass


      2005 - Editor in Chief, Oxford Online Resource Center for the Islamic World


      2005 - Editor in Chief, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam (6 vols.)


      2004 - Muslim World Journal of Human Rights


      2002- Editor in Chief, The Islamic World: Past and Present  (Oxford  

                University Press)


     1999-  Studies in Contemporary Islam


1999    - International Encyclopedia of Islamic Economics


1998- General Editor, Religion and Global Politics Series, Oxford 

            University Press.


     1998- Editor in Chief, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, Oxford

                University Press


     1998-   Global Dialogue


     1998- American Muslim Quarterly    


     1997- Discourse: An Iranian Quarterly


     1996- Periodica Islamica.

     1995-99 Editor, The Oxford History of Islam, Oxford

               University Press


     1990-95 Editor in Chief, The Oxford Encyclopedia of the 

               Modern Islamic World, Oxford University Press


     1995-2004 Co-Editor, Journal of Islam and Christian-Muslim 



     1995- Journal of the Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs


     1994- Middle East Policy


     1994- Journal of Church and State


     1993 - Islamic Studies


     1991 - 99 International Journal of Middle East Studies


     1990 - The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences


     1989 - Journal of South Asian and Middle East Studies


     1988-92 MESA Bulletin   


     1987-90 Contemporary Issues in the Middle East Series,

             Syracuse University Press







Reference Works


Editor-in-Chief, The Islamic World: Past and Present, 3 vols. (New York: Oxford University 

Press, 2004).


The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, 4 vols. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).


The Oxford History of Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).


The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (New York: Oxford University Press,  




Books and Monographs:


Who Speaks for Islam? What a Billion Muslims Really Think with Dalia Mogahed (forthcoming, Gallup Press, Feb. 2008)


Religion & Globalization with Darrell Fasching and Todd Lewis (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).


Asian Islam in the 21st Century (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).


Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives. 2nd ed. with John J. Donohue (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006). 


World Religions Today. 2nd ed. with D. Fasching and T. Lewis (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).


Islam: The Straight Path. 3rd rev. ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).


Geography of Religion: Where God Lives, Where Pilgrims Walk, with Susan Hitchcock (Washington, D.C.: National Geographic, 2004).


Muslims’ Place in the American Public Square: Hopes, Fears and Aspirations with Zahid Bukhari et al. (California: Alta Mira Press, 2004).


Turkish Islam and the Secular State with Hakan Yavuz, (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2003).


Modernizing Islam: Religion in the Public Sphere in the Middle East and Europe with Francois Burgat (London & New Brunswick: Hurst Publ & Rutgers University Press, 2003).


Religion and Immigration: Christian, Jewish and Muslim Experiences in the United States with Yvonne Haddad and Jane Smith (New York: Alta Mira, 2003).


Unholy War: Terrror in the Name of Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).


What Everyone Needs to Know About Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002).


“Islam and the West After Sept. 11: Civilizational Dialogue or Conflict?” The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, Nov. 2002.


World Religions Today with D. Fasching and T. Lewis (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).


Women in Muslim Family Law 2nd ed. (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 2001).


Daughters of Abraham: Feminist Thought in Judaism, Christianity and Islam with Yvonne Haddad (University of Florida Press, 2001).


Makers of Contemporary Islam with John O. Voll (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).


Iran at the Crossroads  with R.K. Ramazani, (New York: Palgrave, 2001).


Muslims and the West: Encounter and Dialogue with Zafar Ishaq Ansari (Islamabad: Islamic Research Institute, 2001).


Islam and Civil Society (Florence: European University Press, 2000).


Muslims on the Americanization Path? with Yvonne Haddad (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).


Islam and Secularism in the Middle East with Azzam Tamimi (London & New York: Hurst Ltd. and New York University Press, 2000)


Religion and Global Order with Michael Watson (University of Wales Press, 2000).


The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality? (3rd. ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).


Islam and Politics 4th ed. (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1998).


Islam: The Straight Path. 3rd. ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).


Islam, Gender and Social Change with Yvonne Y. Haddad (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).


Muslims on the Americanization Path? with Yvonne Haddad (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1998).


Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism or Reform? (Boulder, Colo.: Lynne Rienner Publ.1997).


Contemporary Islamic Revival Since 1988: A Critical Survey and Bibliography with Yvonne Haddad, (Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1997).


Islam and Democracy with John O. Voll (New York: Oxford

University Press, 1996).


The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality? (2nd rev. ed. New York:

Oxford University Press, 1995).


Political Islam: The Challenge of Change (Annandale, Va.: United Association for Studies and Research, 1995).


Islam and the West (Winooski, Vt.: St. Michael's College, 1992).


Islam : The Straight Path (Expanded ed. New York: Oxford University Press,1992).


The Contemporary Islamic Revival: A Critical Survey and Bibliography with Yvonne Y. Haddad and John O. Voll (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1991).


Islam and Politics (3rd rev. ed. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1991).


The Iranian Revolution: Its Global Impact (Miami: University of Florida Press, 1990).


The Global Impact of the Iranian Revolution with James P. Piscatori, (Washington, D.C.: The Middle East Institute, 1989).


Islam: The Straight Path (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).


Islam in Asia: Religion, Politics and Society (New York: Oxford University Press, 1987).


Voices of Resurgent Islam (New York:  Oxford University Press, 1983).


Women in Muslim Family Law (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1982).


Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives with John J. Donohue (New York: Oxford University Press, 1982). 


Islam and Development: Religion and Sociopolitical Change (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1980).



Articles and Chapters:


“Battle For Muslims’ Hearts And Minds: The Road Not (Yet) Taken,” with Dalia Mogahed, Middle East Policy Volume 14 Issue 1, Spring 2007.


“Fifteen Centuries of Islam,” The Middle East 11th ed. (Washington D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press, 2007).


"Pluralism in Muslim-Christian Relations," in Leslie Tramontini, Chibli Mallat, eds.: From Baghdad to Beirut... Arab and Islamic Studies in honor of John J. Donohue s.j., 496 S. engl., Franz., arab.Text, Beirut 2007.


“America’s Muslims: Issues of Identity, Religious Diversity and Pluralism,”                                Democracy and the New Religious Pluralism, ed. Thomas Banchoff (New York: Oxford University Press, 2007).


 “It’s the Policy, Stupid: Political Islam and US Foreign Policy,” Harvard International Review (August 2006).


“Terrorism & the Rise of Political Islam,” in Democracy and Terrorism: Vol. I The Roots of Terrorism, (ed.) Louise Richardson (London: Francis & Taylor, 2006).


“Fifteen Centuries of Islam,” The Middle East (Washington D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Press, 2005).


“Politics and Religion: Politics and Islam.” In Lindsay Jones (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Religion (2nd ed). (New York: Macmillan, 2005).
“Globalization of Jihad.” In Barbara Segaert (ed.)  Christianity, Islam and Judaism: How to Conquer the Barriers to Intercultural Dialogue ? (Brussels; Peter Lang Publishers 2004).

“Post 9/11: Civilizational Dialogue or Conflict?” In Stanley D’Souza, S.J. (ed.) Ethical Approaches to Population, Poverty and Conflict: With Special Reference to Islam (New Delhi: Indian Social Institute 2004).

“Beyond the Headlines: Changing Perceptions of Islamic MovementsHarvard International Review, Fall 2003.

“Islam and the West after Sept. 11: Civilizational Dialogue or Conflict?” In Malik Aftab (ed.) The Empire and the Crescent: Global Implications for a New American Century, (Bristol, UK: Amal Press, 2003).


“Classical Islam” (with Natana DeLong-Bas). In Jacob Neusner (ed.) God’s Rule:The Politics of World Religions (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2003).


“Modern Islam” (with Natana DeLong-Bas). In Jacob Neusner (ed.) God’s Rule:The Politics of World Religions (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2003).


“Islam and the West: Muslim Voices of Dialogue,” (with John Voll). In Fabio Petito and Pavlos Hatzopoulos (eds.), Religion in International Relations : The Return from Exile

(London: Palgrave Macmillan; (2003)


“American Foreign Policy After 11th of September: Challenges to Islam and the West,” (Cairo: Cairo University Press 2002).


“Islam and Democracy in a Violent World,” with John O. Voll Humanities (Dec. 2002).


“The Muslim Diaspora and the Islamic World.” In Shireen T. Hunter, ed. Islam in Europe: The New Social, Cultural and Political Landscape (Westport, Ct.: Greenwood Publishers, 2002).


“Foreign Policy Debate: Propaganda, the Satans, and Other Misunderstandings,” with Robert Satloff and Shibley Telhami SAIS Review (Summer-Fall, 2001).


“Islamic Fundamentalism in the Middle East and Southwest Asia,” UNHCR/Writenet, UNHCR website, 2001.


“Islam and the West: Muslim Voices of Dialogue,” with John Voll Millennium (January 2001).


“The Significance of Religion for Global Order.” In John L. Esposito and Michael Watson, eds., Religion and Global Order (University of Wales Press, 2000).


“Political Islam and Global Order.” In John L. Esposito and Michael Watson, eds., Religion and Global Order (University of Wales Press, 2000).


“Islam and Nationalism,” al-Marifa (April 2000).


“Rethinking U. S. Foreign Policy & Islam after Kosovo,” with Vali R. Nasr, Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, Vol. 1, No 1 (February 2000).


“The Challenge of Pluralism in the Millennium.” In Bill Moyers, Genesis and the Millennium: An Essay on Religious Pluralism in theTwenty-first Centrury (Waco, Texas: Baylor University, 2000).


“Is Islamism a Threat? A Debate,” with Graham Fuller, Martin Kramer, and Daniel Pipes, Middle East Quarterly, Vol. VI, No 4 (December 1999).


“Contemporary Islam: Revolution or Reformation?” In John L. Esposito, ed., The Oxford History of Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).


“Religion in the Middle East,” (with Muqtedar Khan). In Deborah J. Gerner, (ed.) Understanding the Contemporary Middle East (Boulder, CO: 1999).


“Islamic Economics.” In Jacob Neusner, (ed.) Religious Belief and Economic Behavior (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999).


"The Islamic Factor." In Phebe Marr, (ed.) Egypt at the Crossroads: Domestic Stability and Regional Role (Washington, D.C.: National Defense

University Press, 1999).


“Zan va Islam: Bahseh Dagheh Javame-eh Eslami" (Woman and Islam: The Heated Debate in Islamic Societies) Zanan, no. 53 (Khordad l378/May-June l999).


“Is Islam Inherently Incompatible with Western Civilization?” Middle East Affairs Journal (Summer/Fall, 1998).


“Clash of Civilizations?’ Contemporary Images of Islam in the West.” In Gema Martin Munoz, (ed.) Islam, Modernism and the West, (London: I.B. Taurus, 1999).


“Muslims in America or American Muslims.” In Yvonne Y. Haddad and John L. Esposito, (eds.) Muslims on the Americanization Path (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1998).


"Religion and Global Affairs: Political Challenges," SAIS Review (Spring 1998).


"Political Islam: From the Center to the Periphery." In Repositioning Islam in the Current World Order (Portugal, 1998).


"Islamic Fundamentalism," Microsoft Encarda (1998).


"Claiming the Center: Political Islam in Transition," Harvard International Review (Spring 1997).


"Imagines contemporaneos del Islam en Occidents," Revista de Occidente. In Gema Martin Munoz, (ed.) (Toledo, Spain: Fundacion Jose Ortega y Gasset, 1997).


"Political Islam and Gulf Security," in John L. Esposito, (ed.) Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform? (Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publ. 1997).


"Political Islam: A Threat to the West?" der Uberblick (1996).


"Religion and Politics in Modern Islamic Thought." In Jacob Neusner, (ed.) Religion and Politics (Atlanta: Scholars Press,



"Fundamentalisms and Development," (Paris: Unesco, 1996).


"Jihad: The Struggle for Islam." In Jacob Neusner and William Scott Green, (eds.) Introduction To Religion: What Religions Do (Westminster/John Knox Press, 1995).


"Population Ethics/Islamic Perspectives." In Warren T. Reich (ed.) Encyclopedia of Bioethics  (New York: Macmillan,1995).


"The Study of Modern Muslim Societies: Where Did We Go Wrong?" In Jacob Neusner, ed. Religion and the Social Order, (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1995). 


"Islam and Modernity," Religion and Tolerance (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Institute for Islamic Understanding, 1995).


“Islamic Movements, the Arab-Israeli Peace Negotiations, and the Role of Regional Players.” In Hooshang Amirahmadi and Eric Hoogland, eds. US-Iran Relations (Washington, D.C.: The Middle East Institute, 1994).


"Symposium: Resurgent Islam in the Middle East," Middle East Policy 3:2 (1994).


"Islam and the Challenge of Democracy." In Richard Bulliet, ed. Democracy Under Seige, (New York: Columbia University,



John L. Esposito and John O. Voll, "Islam's Democratic Essence," Middle East Quarterly (September 1994).


"Democracy, Islamic Movements, and the State." In Y'slam ve Demokrasi (Islam and Democracy) (Istanbul: Tuses Yay, 1994).


"Islamische Bedrohung - Mythos oder Realitat?" In Islam - A Challenge for Christianity, Concilium, Vol. 3, (1994).


"Islamic Fundamentalism," Britannica Book of the Year, (Encyclopedia Britannica,1994).


"Understanding Islam," International Yearbook, 1994,

(Collier's Yearbook, 1994).


"Islam in the World and in America." In Jacob Neusner, (ed.) World Religions in America: An Introduction, (Westminster/John Knox Press, 1994).


"Islam and the West: Beyond the Green Menace," Current History (January, 1994).


"Political Islam and U.S. Foreign Policy," Brown Journal of Foreign Affairs (1994).


"Desecularizing Government in the Subcontinent: An Islamic Pakistan?” In David Smith, (ed.) From Containment to Stability: Pakistan-U.S. Relations in the Post Cold War Era, (Washington,

D. C.: NDU Press, 1993).


"Revival and Reform in Contemporary Islam." In William M. Shea, (ed.)  The Struggle Overthe Past: Fundamentalism in the Modern World, (Washington, D.C.: University Press of America,1993).


"Islam, Democracy, and U.S. Foreign Policy: the Challenge of Islamic Movements." In Phebe Marr and William Lewis, (eds.) Riding the Tiger: The Middle East Challenge After the Gulf War, (Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1993).


"Islamic Fundamentalism: The Force of the Twenty First Century?" Australia and World Affairs (Spring, 1992).


"Democratization in the Middle East," in The Middle East (Washington, D.C.: Committee on Foreign Relations, 1991.)


"Islam as a Political Force in the Maghreb," Qiraat Siyasiyyah (Fall 1991).


John L. Esposito and James P. Piscatori, "Democratization and Islam," The Middle East Journal (Summer 1991).


"The Gulf War, Islamic Movements and the New World Order," The Iranian Journal of International Affairs (Spring 1991).


"Trailblazers of the Islamic Resurgence." In Yvonne Y. Haddad et. al. (eds.) The Islamic Revival:  An Analysis and Annotated Bibliography (Westport, CT.:  Greenwood Press, 1991).


"Ismail R. al-Faruqi: Muslim Scholar-Activist." In Yvonne Y. Haddad, (ed.) The Muslims of America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991).


"Jihad in a World of Shattered Dreams: Islam, Arab Politics and the Gulf Crisis," Vandkunsten: konflikt, politik, & historie, (November 1990).


John L. Esposito and John O. Voll, "Khurshid Ahmad: Muslim Activist-Economist," The Muslim World (January 1990).


"The Iranian Revolution: A Ten Year Perspective." In The Iranian Revolution: Its Global Impact (University of Florida Press, 1990).


"Islam in Arab Politics", The World and I (Washington, D.C., February, 1990).


"Religion and Sociopolitical Thought: Islam." In C.H. Fu, (ed.) Movements and Issues in World Religions: Selected Issues, Vol. 2, (Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 1989).


"Sudan." In Shireen T. Hunter, (ed.) The Politics of Islamic Revivalism, (Indiana: The University of Indiana Press, 1988).


"The Impact of Islam" (with Byron L. Haines), issue of Pro Mundi Vita (Brussels, June, 1987).  English, French, Dutch, Italian and German editions.


"Islamic Fundamentalism and the Challenge to United States Diplomacy." In Coral Bell, (ed.)  Politics, Diplomacy and Islam (Canberra:  The Australian National University, 1987).


"Islam" in The New Dictionary of Theology (Wilmington, Delaware:  Michael Glazier, 1988).


"Tradition and Modernization in Islam." In C.H. Fu, (ed.) Movements and Issues in World Religions: Religion, Ideology and Politics, Vol. 1, (Westport, CT.: Greenwood Press, 1987).


"Numayri's Islamization of the Sudan" in The Muslim World, July-October, 1986.  Revised version, "Sudan." In Shireen T. Hunter, (ed.) The Politics of Islamic Revivalism:  Diversity and Unity, Indiana: University of Indiana Press, 1987).


"Islam in the Politics of the Middle East", Current History, February, 1986.


"Modern Islamic Sociopolitical Thought." in J.K. Hadden and A. Shupe, (eds.) Prophetic Religions and Politics, (N.Y.: Paragon House, 1986).


"Islam, Ideology and Politics in Pakistan." In Myron Weiner and Ali Banuazizi, (eds.) The State, Religion, and Ethnic Politics, (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1986).


Islamic Revivalism, Occasional Paper No. 3 of The Muslim World Today (Washington, D.C.: American Institute for Islamic Affairs, 1985).


"Islamic Fundamentalism and Radicalism" in Islamic Fundamentalism and Islamic Radicalism (Washington, D.C.: Committee on Foreign Affairs, 1985).


"Muslim Societies Today: Search for identity." In Marjorie Kelly, (ed.) Islam: The Political and Religious Life of a Community, (New York:  Praeger, 1984).


"Islam and Politics," Harvard International Review, May, 1984.


"Law in Islam." In Yvonne Y. Haddad, (ed.) The Islamic Impact, (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1983).


"Muhammad Iqbal and the Islamic State." In John L. Esposito, (ed.) Voices of Resurgent Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 1983), ch. 8.


"Teaching Contemporary Islam," CSR Bulletin, April 1983.


"Islamization: Religion and Politics in Pakistan," Muslim World, July, 1982.


"Religion and Politics in the Middle East," The Middle East Journal, Summer, 1982.


"Perspectives on Islamic Legal Reform: The Case of Pakistan," Journal of International Law and Politics, Fall, 1980.


"Pakistan: Quest for Islamic Identity." In John L. Esposito, (ed.) Islam and Development: Religion and Sociopolitical Change (Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1980), ch. 8.


"Modern Muslim Family Law Reform", Scrutiny, Fall 1978.


"Muslim Family Law Reform in Pakistan," Journal of Malaysian Comparative Law, December, 1977.


"Islam." In Nicholas Piediscalzi, (ed.) Teaching About Religion in Public Schools, (Sacramento: Argus Books, 1977).


"Muslim Family law Reform: Towards an Islamic Methodology," Islamic Studies, Spring, 1976.


"The Changing Status of Muslim Women," Islam in the Modern Age, February, 1976.


"Women's Rights in Islam," Islamic Studies, June, 1975.


* Many of the above publications have been translated into more than 26 languages, including: Arabic, Turkish, Bahasa Malaysia/Indonesia, Urdu, Persian, Bengali, Japanese, Chinese, Uyghur, Russian, Spanish, Portugese, French, German, Italian, Dutch, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, and Bulgarian.




Projects in Progress


Editor in Chief, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam (6 vols.)


The Future of Islam  (New York: Oxford University Press).




World Religions Today, 2nd ed. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2005).


General Publications:


“Prospect for Democracy in the Middle East,” The Chronicle of Higher Education, Nov. 8, 2002.


 “Post Sept. 11: America, Islam and War Against Global Terrorism,” Outlook (India), Sept. 2002.


“Exposing Double Standards,” Middle East Insight (Nov-Dec 2001)

“The War Against Global Terrorism and the Muslim World,” Australian Financial, Review, October 14, 2001


“Making Sense of Islam (Islam and Politics),” Boston Globe, October 7, 2001.


“Memos to the Next President,” Middle East Insight November-December, 2000.


“Islamic Fundamentalism,” SIDIC, Vol. XXXII No. 3-1999.


"Islam and Christianity Face to Face: An old conflict & prospects for a new ending," Commonweal (January 31, 1997).


"Fundamentalisms and Development," Le Courrier De L'Unesco (September 1996).


"Islam's Southeast Shift: A success that could lead renewal in the Muslim world," Asiaweek (April 4, 1997).


"The Peace Accords," Harvard Divinity Bulletin (Spring 1994).


"Secular Bias and Islamic Revivalism," The Chronicle of Higher Education, May 26, 1993.


"Prospects for the Postwar Order: The Political Leverage of Islam," Christian Century (April 1991).


"Contemporary Islam", New Catholic World, November/December, 1988.


"The Islamic Tradition" Handbook for Interreligious Dialogue edited by John Borelli, (Morristown, N.J.: Silver Burdett & Ginn, 2nd ed., 1988).


"Religio-political Realities Frame Islamic Disputes", National Catholic Reporter, September 11, 1987.


"Islam Today: Back to the Future" National Catholic Reporter, November 28, 1986.


"Teaching Islam the Old Fashioned Way - Living It", memorial to Professor Ismail al-Faruqi in Islamic Horizons, (September 1986).


"Islam in Asia: An Introduction," Asia, (Spring 1986).


"Contemporary Islam" New Era, (July-August, 1985).


"What is Islam?" Maryknoll Magazine, (May 1980).


"Islam and the West," originally published by USIA in English and Arabic for distribution in the Middle East and South Asia and subsequently published in Bengali, Journal of the Islamic Institute (Dacca: Bangladesh, 1980).


Newspaper articles based on transcripts of overseas lectures and interviews, published in English, Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Urdu, Bahasa Indonesia and Bengali.


Papers and Presentations:  (Selected List)


“Islam and Democracy in the Mediterranean,” Inaugural Lecture, The International Politics of the Mediterranean

in between the Euro-Med and the Great Middle East, Fondazione Laboratorio Mediterraneo and l’Univerità di Napoli “L’Orientale”, Naples, Italy, May 14, 2004.


“Islam and the West after 9/11: Civilizational Dialogue or Conflict?”

Vassar College, February 25, 2004


 “The Role of Islamic Groups in Political Reform in the Middle East:

Islamic Perspectives of Political Reform” The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and

Dar al-Watan, Kuwait, December 6-8, 2003


 “The Future of Islam” Stanford University, November 17, 2003


 “The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality” The Janet Lee Stevens

Memorial Lecture, University of Pennsylvania, November 3, 2003


 “The Media, Islam, and Global Terrorism” Fletcher School of Law and

Diplomacy, Tufts University, October 14, 2003


“Islam Today and the Balkans,” Kolarac Foundation, Belgrade, October 3, 2003.


“Political Islam: Hijacking Democracy of Seeking Democracy in an Islamic Way?,” Faculty of Philosophy, University of Sarajevo, October 1, 2003.


“Dialogue between Islam and Christianity” Franciscan School of Theology in Nedzarici, Bosnia and Herzegovina, October 1, 2003.


“Dialogue between Islam and Christianity: Prejudices, Possibilities, and Obstacles” University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, September 30, 2003.


“Modernizing Islam and re-Islamization in a global perspective” Bosniak Institute-Foundation, Sarajevo, September 29, 2003.


“Religion as a Political Factor: National and International Dimension” Faculty of Islamic Studies, University of Sarajevo, September 29, 2003.


“What Everyone Needs to Know About Islam” Jesuit School of

Theology, Zagreb, September 27, 2003.


“Religious Responses to Globalisation” and “Open Lecture on Globalization” at the Universitair Centrum Sing-Ignatius Antwerpen Summer Seminar on “Christianity, Islam and Judaism: How to Conquer the Barriers to Intercultural Dialogue” Antwerp, Belgium, September 25 & 26, 2003


“Islam and the West” U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC, October 9, 2001


“Islam, the U.S., and Terrorism,” The Aspen Institute Congressional Program, U.S. Capitol, Washington, DC, October 17, 2001



“Islamic Fundamentalism: What the Administration Needs to Know,” Council on Foreign Relations, Washington, DC, October 29, 2001


“With God on Their Side; Jewish, Christian and Muslim Fundamentalism in the Middle East,” James Baker Center, Rice University, October 30, 2001


University of Trento and of Bolzano, Italy, November 11 - 19, 2001


“Understanding Fundamentalism in Modern Context” & “When East Meets West,” World Economic Forum (Davos), New York, NY, February 2-3, 2002


 “Western Policies Toward the Islamic World,” Wilton Park, England, February 13 - 14, 2002


“Islam and the West: Confrontation or Accommodation?,” University of Chicago

Chicago, IL, February 22, 2002


Egyptian Council on Foreign Affairs, Cairo, Egypt, April 7, 2002


“American Foreign Policy after September 11,” Cairo University

Cairo, Egypt, April 7, 2002


“U.S. Foreign Relations” US Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, April 17, 2002


 “Terrorism & 9-11; Religion, Politics & Justice,” CUNY - John Jay College, New York, NY, May 3, 2002


“Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam,” Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, New York, NY, May 7, 2002


“The Cross & the Crescent: The Past, Present & Future of Muslim-Christian Relations,” Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, May 21, 2002


Discover Islam, Bahrain, May 29- June 1, 2002


Islam and the West After Sept. 11: Civilizational Dialogue or Conflict?, ECSSR, UAE, June 2-4, 2002                           

 “Turkey, Islam and the European Union,” St. Antony College, Oxford University, May 10, 2001.


“The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?” Universite St. Joseph, Beirut, Lebanon, April 6,



“Islamic Movements in the 21st Century,” American University of Beirut, Lebanon, April 5, 2001.


“Muslim-Christian Relations in the 21st Century” Makassad Foundation, Beirut, Lebanon, April 3, 2001.


Eleventh Calamus Distinguished Lecture & Annual Award “Muslims in the West: Challenge or Threat?” Calamus Foundation Award Dinner, London, February 20, 2001.


“Islam and Human Freedom,” Religion and Foreign Policy, Meridien House, May 11, 2000.


“The Clergy and their Critics: The Struggle to Define/Redefine Iran's Islamic Identity/Governance,” The Open Society/Soros Foundation, New York, May 15, 2000.


“Islam and Civil Society,” European Union University, Florence, Italy, October 20, 2000.


“The Dynamics of Interaction Between the Muslim Diaspora and the Islamic World: Comparative Analysis of Europe and American” Lisbon, Portugal, October 16, 2000.


"Islam and Civil Society in the Middle East," Institute for Politics and International Studies, Teheran, January 31, 1998


“Civilizational Dialogue or Civilizational Conflict,” Keynote Address, Political Islam & the West, Centre for World Dialogue, Cyprus.


"Islam and Democracy," Istanbul, October 25, 1997.


"The Clash of Civilizations Debate," Universite Sains (Science)

    Penang, Malaysia, February 28, 1997.


"The Role of Religion in the Post Modern World," International

    Islamic University, March 5, 1997.


"The Future of Islamic Studies in Muslim World and the West,"

    University of Malaya, Academy of Islamic Sciences, March 7, 1997.


"Prospects for Democracy in the Islamic World," Jakarta, March 10, 1997.


"Contemporary Islamic Thought on Civilization, " Unversite

    Kebangsaan (National) Malaysia, March 13, 1997.


"Civilizations: Conflict or Concorde," University of Malaya, March,13 1997.


"Islam and Democracy," International Islamic University,

    Kuala Lumpur, March 14, 1997.


"The Challenge to Religion in the 21st Century," JUST World

    Trust, Kuala Lumpur, March 14, 1997..


"The New Clinton Team: Bosnia and Palestine," International

    Institute of Islamic Thought, Kuala Lumpur, March 15, 1997.


"Islamic Fundamentalism and the West," Shanghai Institute for

    International Affairs, Shanghai, China, October 1996.


"Contemporary Images of Islam in the West," Chinese Academy of

    Social Sciences, Beijing, China, October 1996.


"The Challenge of Political Islam," Oxford University, October,



"Transnational Islam," University of Indiana, September, 1996.


"Political Islam: Revolution or Reformation?," David P. Gardner

    Lecture, University of Utah, May 1996.


"Islam and the West: A Clash of Civilizations?," Riyadh, Saudi

    Arabia, March, 1996.


"Muslim-Christian Relations in Historical Perspective," The 

  Future of Jerusalem for Christians and Christians for

    Jerusalem, Jerusalem, March 1996.


"Islam in Asia," Japanese Institute of International Relations,

    Tokyo, January, 1996.


"Islam: Challenge or Threat?," Toledo, Spain, April, 1996.


"Images of Islam and Muslims in the West," Center for Interfaith

    Studies, Amman, Jordan, August 1995.


"The Study of Islam and Islamic Studies," King Faisal Foundation,

    Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, May 1995.


"Political Islam: Challenge or Threat?" University of Chicago,

    May 1995.


"Islam and the West," Keynote Address, University of Georgia,

    January 1995.


"Islam and Civil Society" Keynote Address at Conference on Islam

    in South Africa, University of South Africa, Pretoria, August



"Islam and Modernity," Institute for Islamic Understanding, Kuala

    Lumpur, March, 1994.


"The Study of Modern Muslim Societies: Where Did We Go Wrong?"

    University of South Florida, February, 1994.


"Islam and American Foreign Policy," University of Malaya &

    Institute for Strategic and International Studies, Kuala

    Lumpur, January, 1994.


"Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?" Institute for Southeast Asian

    Studies, Singapore, January, 1994.


"Islam and the Challenge of Democracy'" Columbia University, June

    18, 1993.


"Islamic Movements and U.S. Foreign Policy," Council on Foreign

    Relations, New York, May , 1993.


"Political Islam in Black Africa," U.S. State Department,

    Washington, May, 1993.


"The Challenge of Islamic Movements: Are They a Threat to the

    West?" University of California at Berkeley, March 1993.


"Islam: Threat or Challenge?" University of California at Santa

    Barbara, March 1993.


"Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?" University of California at

    Los Angeles, March 1993.


"Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?" Oxford University, February,



"The New Politics of North Africa: Fundamentalist Threat and

    State Repression," CFIA/Africa Seminar, Harvard University,

    November, 1992.


"The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?," Smithsonian Institution,

    Washington, D.C., October 1992.


"The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?," CFIA/Middle East Seminar,

    Harvard University, October 1992.


"Central Asia and Political Islam: A Comparative Perspective,"

    Institute of Oriental Studies, Moscow, September 1992.


"The Challenge of Islamic Movements," Foreign Office, Amman,

    Jordan, August 1992.


"Islamic Fundamentalism in North Africa: Implications for U.S.

    Foreign Policy," House Committee on Foreign Affairs, May



"Democratization and Islamic Movements in the Midlle East,"

    United States Institute of Peace, May 1992.


"Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality," The Middle East Institute,

    June 1992.


"Islam and the Challenge of Democracy," Istanbul, Turkey,

    September 1992.


"Islamic Movements in North Africa," International Islamic

    University, Islamabad, Pakistan, January 1992.


"Islamic Movements and the New World Order" The Institute for 

    Political and International Studies, Teheran, Iran, January,


    and The University of Khartoum, March, 1992.


"Democratization, Islamic Movements and the West," London School

     of Economics, February 1992.


"The Nature of Islamic Fundamentalism in the Maghreb,"  Council

     on Foreign Relations, June 1991.


"Islam, the Gulf Crisis, and the New World Order," Presidential

     Address, American Council for the Study of Islamic

     Societies, May 1991.


"Islam and Democracy," The Middle East Institute, May 1991.


"Democratization in the Middle East," Testimony before the Senate

     Foreign Relations Committee, May 1991.


"The Challenge of Islamic Movements in the 1990's,  The Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, December, 1990.


"The Persian Gulf", Neiman Fellows, Harvard University, November, 1990.


"Islam, Ethnicity and the State in Pakistan", Center for International Affairs, Harvard University, November, 1990.


"The Persian Gulf and American Foreign Policy", Massachusetts Institute of Technology, October, 1990.


"Islam in State and Society: Pakistan," at International Conference on Democracy and Development in South Asia, Tufts University Center for South Asian and Indian Ocean Studies, April, 1990.


"Muslim Intellectuals and Change" International Conference on Islamic Philosophy and Science, Penang, Malaysia, June, 1989.


"Islam in Asia: Religion and Sociopolitical Change" The University of Minnesota and the University of Wisconsin, June, 1989.


"Khurshid Ahmad: Muslim Activist-Economist" The University of New Hampshire, May 1989.


"Islamization in Pakistan: A Reassessment", Institute for Politics and International Studies, Tehran, Iran, January, 1989.


"Islam and Politics in the Middle East", Brown University, March, 1988.


"The Islamic World and its Impact on International Politics", The Italian Society for International Organization, Rome, March, 1988.


"Contemporary Islamic Movements," The University of Rome, March 1988.


"Contemporary Islam Revivalism and non-Muslim Minorities", The Vatican, March, 1988.


"Islam in the United States", Kuwait University, December, 1988.


"American Perceptions of Islam and Muslim Politics", Imam Muhammad ibn Saud University, Riyadh, December, 1987.


"Islamic Studies in the United States", King Saud University, Riyadh and King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, December, 1987.


"The Role of Islam in Sociopolitical Change", World Affairs Council, Amman, December, 1987.


"American Perceptions of Islam", Sultan Qaboos University, Oman, December, 1987.


"The Middle East, Fundamentalism and U.S. Foreign Policy", Washington University, March, 1987.


"The Politics of Islamic Fundamentalism", University of Indiana, March, 1987.


"Islam and Foreign Policy", Institute for Strategic and International Studies, Kuala Lumpur, January, 1987.


"Islam and Nationalism", Johns Hopkins University (SAIS), November, 1986.


"Political Development in Pakistan", Wellesley College, November, 1986.


"Radicalism and Social Change", Annual Meeting of the Middle East Institute, October, 1986.


"Constitutionalism and Islam", Joint Committee on Political Development, Harvard/Massachusetts Institute of Technology, October, 1986.


"Muslim-Christian Relations"; "U.S. Policy and the Muslim World",  Annual Meeting of Islamic Society of North America, August, 1986.


"Islam and Politics", Rice University, May, 1986.


"Islam and Modernization", and "Muslim Fundamentalism", University of Dayton, February, 1986.


"The Politics of Islamic Revivalism", The University of Toronto, March, 1986.


"International Perspectives on the Religious Resurgence in the Middle East", Yale University, February, 1986.


"Issues in Islamic Politics", Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, October, 1985.


"Islamic Fundamentalism and U.S. Foreign Policy", Institute of Politics, Harvard University, November, 1985.


"The Impact of Islam on Economic Development", Seminar for Congressional Staffers, August, 1985.


"Workshop on Christian-Muslim Relations", (N.C.C.) Atlanta, July, 1985.


"Islamic Fundamentalism and Radicalism", Testimony before House Committee on Foreign Affairs, June, 1985.


"Islamic Revival:  Religion and Politics in the Middle East", Center for International Studies, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1985.


"Islamic Revival in Southeast Asia", Foreign Service Institute, 1985.


"Islamic Movements", Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University, 1985.


"Islam and Politics in the Sudan", CSIS, Georgetown University, 1985.


"Islamic Fundamentalism in the Near East", Department of State, 1985.


"Women, Law and Social Change", Tufts University, March, 1984.


"Religion and Politics in Pakistan", South Asia Institute, University of Virginia, 1983.


"Western Scholarship and the Study of Islam", King Abdul Aziz University, 1983.


"Methodological Issues in Islamic Studies", University of Riyadh, 1983.


"Women's Status in Islamic Law", Kuwait University, 1983.


"Muslims in America", The American University of Cairo, 1983.


"Contemporary Islamic History:  Issues and Problems", al-Azhar University, 1983.


"Islam and the West:  Confrontation or Accommodation", Jamaat al-Islah Society (Kuwait), 1983.


"Islam and Political Modernization", Society for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1982.


"The Islamic Revival:  Sources and Development", Bethlehem University, 1983.


"The Process of Islamization", Haifa University (Arab-Jewish Center), 1982.


"The Worldview and Concerns of Islamic Revivalists", Tel Aviv University (Shiloah Center) and Hebrew University (Truman Institute), 1982.


"Women in Muslim Family Law Reform", Hebron University, 1983.


"The Prophet Muhammad:  Paradigm of Muslim Life", National Seerat Conference, Karachi, Pakistan, 1982.


"Islamization:  Religion and Politics in Pakistan", The Royal Institute of International Affairs, 1982.


"The Islamic Worldview and Why It Makes a Difference in World Politics", Scholar in Residence, James Madison University, 1982.


"Teaching the Islamic Resurgence", The Middle East Studies Association, 1981.


"Saudi Arabia:  The Flexibility of Islamic Fundamentalism", Conference on Saudi Arabia, Department of State, 1981.


"Khomeini, Repentance and the American Hostages", Department of State, 1980.


"Pakistan:  Quest for Islamic Identity", American Academy of Religion, 1979.


"Perspectives on Islamic Legal Reform", Islamic Law Colloquium, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1978.






Consultant/Lecturer  (selected list)


BBC (development and participation in TV programs on Islam)

American Council of Learned Societies

Fundamentalism Project, University of Chicago

National Public Radio and Foreign Policy Association

(National Advisory Committee for International Studies)

Independent Broadcasters Associates (development of "World of Islam"

series of radio programs)

Department of State INR/NESA (Foreign Affairs Analyst)

Briefings and Conferences for NESA and African Affairs

Foreign Service Institute

United States Information Agency

Center for Foreign Affairs

Center for Strategic and International Studies

Time/Life Books, National Geographic Society

Exxon, Texaco, Aramco, Conaco, United Technologies, IBM, and UPS.



Board Memberships:


     2006- SSRC Working Group on Religion, Secularism, and International   


     2002- Middle East Institute

     1998- 2004 Vice Chair, Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy                            


     1992-96 Center for the International Exchange of Scholars 

             and Chair of Middle East Studies Area Committee.

     1991-93 President, New England Council for Middle East  


     1989-92 President, American Council for the Study of Islamic 


     1988-89 President, Middle East Studies Association.

     1987-88 President-Elect, Middle East Studies Association.

     1986-89 Vice-President, American Council for the Study of    

             Islamic Societies.

     1984 -  American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies;

     1984 -  President's Council, Center for Near Eastern 

             Studies, New York University.

     1983-86 Middle East Studies Association.



Manuscript Reviewer:


               Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press, Yale University Press, Princeton University Press, Columbia University Press, University of California Press, Indiana University Press, SUNY Press, Syracuse University Press, Westview Press, The University of Texas Press, The University of Utah Press and scholarly journals including International Journal of Middle East Studies, Political Science Quarterly, Journal of the American Historical Association, Comparative Politics, Journal of Marriage and the Family, Journal of International Law, Middle East Journal, The Muslim World, Journal of Church and State.





Middle East Studies Association, President, 1988-89.  Board of Directors, 1983-86.

American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies,

President, 1989-91.  Board of Directors, 1984- ; Vice President, 1986-89.

American Society for the Study of Religion

Middle East Institute

International Studies Association

Association of Asian Studies

Maghreb Studies Association

American Academy of Religions, Islamic Studies Steering Committee, 1975-82

Council on the Study of Religion: Committee on Departmental Concerns, 1981-1985

College Theology Society, Chair: World Religions Section, 1978-1980

Society for the Scientific Study of Religion

National Council of Catholic Bishops, Committee on Muslim- Catholic Relations

National Council of Churches, Task Force on Muslim-Christian Relations

Nadeo Faiths in the World Committee

Trialogue Commission, The National Council of Christians and Jews