Current position: Professor of Islamic History and Associate Director,

                  Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding

                  Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service

                  Georgetown University


            Mailing address:                                            Personal status:  married

            4000 Cathedral Ave, NW, Apt 652B            Citizenship: U.S.A.

            Washington, DC 20016 USA                        Born:  20 April 1936

            Tel: 202-337-4363 (home)                             in Wisc., USA

                   202-687-0288 (office)                             

                   202-965-2139 (FAX)




            Ph.D.(1969) Harvard University (History/Middle East Studies)

            A.M. (1960) Harvard University (Middle East Studies)

            A.B. (1958) Dartmouth College (History major, Senior Fellow, Phi Beta Kappa, Summa                                  cum laude)



            1995- . Professor of Islamic History, Georgetown University

Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding. Associate Director (1995-2004; 2005- ). Director (2004-2005).

            1965-1995. History teacher, University of New Hampshire.

                        1965-1969. Instructor in History

                        1969-1974. Assistant Professor of History

                        1974-1982. Associate Professor of History

                        1982-95. Professor of History. (Chair, 1988-91, 1994-5)

   Professional & Public Organization Activity

            American Council of Learned Societies. Delegate from Constituent Society (Middle East Studies Ass'n); Delegates Executive Committee (1989-92; chair, 1990-2) Board of Directors (1990-92); Fellowship Program (Prescreener 1990, 1991; National Panel 1996, 1997).

            American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies. Board of Directors (1984- ); 1986 Program Chair; 1996 Program Committee; Vice President (1988-91).

            American Historical Society. Program Chair for 1999 Annual Meeting.

            The College Board. History & Social Sciences Advisory Committee (1983-87); European History & World Cultures Achievement Test Committee (1983-88; chair, 1985-88)

            Council for Basic Education. Review panel for National World History Standards, 1995.

            Fuller Theological Seminary. Muslim-Christian Just Peacemaking Project, National Advisory Board (2004-  )

            Harvard University Board of Overseers Visiting Committee for the Center for Middle Eastern Studies (2003-06 )

            Hotchkiss School, Advisory Committee of the Middle East Study Center (1993-95)

            Institute of Islamic and Social Sciences (Virginia). Academic Advisory Board (1995- )

            International Journal of Middle East Studies. Board of Editors (1991-2).

            Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations. Co-editor for Book Reviews (1995- )

            Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies (electronic, University of Bergen). Editorial Board (1997- )

            Keybridge Films, Academic Advisory Board for “On Islam: Past and Present.” (2004-  )

            Middle East Policy Council (Washington). Advisory Committee (1994- )

            Middle East Studies Association. President (1992-3). Humanities Dissertation Prize Committee (1982, 1983); Nominating Comm. (1984); Board of Directors (1987-89, 1991-94); Ethics Committee (1987-89; Chair, 1988-89); Chair, Hourani Book Prize Committee, 1997; Chair, Program Committee for 1999 Annual Meeting; Committee on Electronic Communication (1999- )

            National Security Education Program. Group of Advisors (1993-97).

            New England Council of Middle East Studies. Board of Directors (1991-93).

            New England Historical Association. President (1982-83); Secretary (1975-78); Vice Pres. (1981-82); Executive Committee (1983-85).

            New Hampshire Coordinating Committee for the Promotion of History. Board of Directors (1982-85).

            New Hampshire Council on World Affairs. Board of Directors (1978-2000).

            New Hampshire Council on the Humanities. Board of Directors (1991-95); Executive Committee (1993-95)

            Organizing Committee, Conference on the Role of Advocacy in the Classroom (MESA representative, 1993-95)

            Sudan Studies Association. Board of Directors (1981-82; 1994-98); Co-Executive Secretary (1990-94).

            World History Association. Executive Council (2005-  ); NEH Outside Evaluator for "Teaching a Global Perspective," Collaborative Pre-Service Teacher Training Project (1999-2001)


  University of New Hampshire Responsibilities (Selected)

            Department of History, Chair. (1988-91; 1994-95); Curriculum Coordinator (1970-72, 1974-78, 1979-81).

            Center for International Perspectives. Acting Director (1986-7)

            Religious Studies Program. Executive Committee (1979-94); Program Coordinator (1982-84)

            University General Education Committee (1990-91)

            Center for the Humanities Executive Committee (1988-90)

            New Hampshire State University System. System Academic Planning Council (1982-84)

            Social Science Division. Chair (1970-71, 1980-81).

            Phi Beta Kappa Chapter. President (1980-82)

            University Academic Senate. (1970-71; 1981-83)

  Georgetown University:

            Core Faculty, School of Foreign Service (1995- )

            Director, Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding (2004- ), Associate Director (1995-2004).

            Director, Certificate Program in Islam and Muslim-Christian Relations (1997- )

            Director, Master of Arts Program in Liberal Studies (1999- )

            Director, National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Institute for Teachers (1999): "Islam and the 21st Century: Heritage & Prospects."

            Search committees for Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding (1995-96); Core Faculty, School of Foreign Service (1995-96, 1997-98)

            University Honor Council (1997-99)

            History Department. Undergraduate Program Committee(1996-2000);

            School of Foreign Service. African Studies Special Task Force (1999-2000); Chair, Field Committee on International History (2000- )



            Member of Phi Beta Kappa, Pi Gamma Mu, Phi Alpha Theta

            1992-1994 Class of 1941 Professor of International Studies     (University of New Hampshire)

            1992-1993 US Institute of Peace Grant for research on "Democracy, Identity, and Conflict Resolution in the Islamic World."

            1991. Presidential (Egypt) Badge of Honor in Arts & Sciences (Presented on Birthday of the Prophet)

            1990-1992. National Endowment for the Humanities, Interpretive Research Program Grant: "Scholar-Activists in Contemporary Islam."

            1989. University of New Hampshire Summer Faculty Fellow

            1984-1985. Fellow, Institute for Advanced Studies, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

            1978-1979. Fulbright-Hays Faculty Research Abroad Fellowship

                               Social Science Research Council Fellowship (Egypt)

            1971-1972. Younger Humanist Fellowship, National Endowment for the Humanities (Lebanon).

            1969. University of New Hampshire Summer Faculty Fellow

            1964-1965. Harvard Graduate Teaching Fellow

            1962-1964. Ford Foundation Foreign Area Training Fellow

            1960-1961. Harvard/ Sheldon Travelling Fellow

            1958-1965. Danforth Foundation Graduate Fellow

            1954-1958. Daniel Webster National Scholar (Dartmouth)


                                                RESEARCH & PUBLICATIONS




and John L. Esposito and Osman Bakar, editors. Asian Islam in the 21st Century. New York:

            Oxford University Press, 2007.

Islam: Continuity and Change in the Modern World. Boulder, CO:         Westview, 1982. (2nd ed.,

            Syracuse University Press, 1994)

Ta’rikh al-tariqah al-khatmiyyah fi al-sudan [History of the Khatmiyyah Tariqah in Sudan](trans.

            Muhammad Sa’id al-Qaddal; Cairo: The Sudanese Studies Center, 2002). Translation of

            previously unpublished dissertation.

and John L. Esposito, Makers of Contemporary Islam. Oxford University Press, 2001.

and John L. Esposito, Islam and Democracy. Oxford University Press, 1996.

and Yvonne Y. Haddad and John L. Esposito, The Contemporary Islamic Revival: A Critical

            Survey and Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing, 1991.

Guest editor, special issue on “Pluralism and Religions in Iranian History,” Islam and Christian-

            Muslim Relations 14, No. 4 (October 2003).

editor, Sudan: State and Society in Crisis. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991.

Guest editor, special issue on Sudan: The Middle East Journal 44,         No. 4 (Autumn 1990).

and Nehemia Levtzion, editors, Eighteenth Century Renewal and Reform in Islam. Syracuse:

            Syracuse University Press, 1987.

Historical Dictionary of the Sudan. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1978. Second edition, with

            Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban and Richard Lobban, 1992.

and Sarah Potts Voll, The Sudan: Unity and Diversity in a          Multicultural Society. Boulder, CO:

            Westview, 1985.




Berkshire Encyclopedia of Religion and Social Justice (Berkshire Publishing Group. In

            Preparation).  Editorial Advisory Board.

The Islamic Studies Online Resource Center (Editor-in-chief, John L. Esposito; Oxford

            University Press. In Preparation). Senior Editor.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World (Editor-in-chief, John L. Esposito; Oxford

            University Press. In Preparation). Senior Editor.

Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World (Editor, Richard C. Martin; New York:

Macmillan, 2004). Editorial Consultant.

The Islamic World: Past and Present (Editor, John L. Esposito; Oxford University Press, 2003).

Associate Editor.

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (Editor, John L. Espositio; Oxford University Press, 2003).

Senior Consultant.

Encyclopedia of World History (6th edition, editor, Peter Sterns; original editor Wm. Langer;

Houghton-Mifflin, 2001). Associate Editor for Global and Comparative Sections.

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World (Editor-in-chief, John L. Esposito;

Oxford University Press, 1995). Board of Editors (1989-95).





"Middle Eastern History," in The Teaching of History, ed. J. Roucek. New York: Philosophical

            Library, 1967.

"The Middle East," American Academic Encyclopedia.

"The Islamic Past and the Present Resurgence," Current History 78, No. 456 (April 1980).

"Wahhabism and Mahdism: Alternative Styles of Islamic Renewals," Arab Studies Quarterly 4,

            1-2 (Spring 1982).

"Islamic Dimensions in Arab Politics," American- Arab Affairs No. 4 (Spring 1983).

"Renewal and Reform in Islamic History: Tajdid and Islah," in Voices of Resurgent Islam, ed.

            John L. Esposito. New York:    Oxford University Press, 1983.

"The Resurgence of Islam: Revolution or Reformation?" Presidential Address, published in New

            England Historical Association News 10, No. 2 (1983)

"The Muslim Responses to Colonialism," in Islam: The Religious and Political Life of a World

            Community, ed. Marjorie Kelly. New York: Praeger, 1984.

"Islamic Fundamentalism: Historic Mission and Contemporary Mood," in The Middle East

            Annual: Issues and Events. Volume 3-1983,      ed. David H. Partington. Boston: G. K. Hall,


"Muslim Minority Alternatives: Implications of Muslim Experiences in China and the Soviet

            Union," Journal Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs 6, No. 2 (1985)

"Revivalism and Social Transformations in Islamic History," The Muslim World 76, Nos. 3-4

            (July-October 1986).

"Soviet Central Asia and China: Integration or Isolation of Muslim Societies," in Islam in Asia,

            ed. John L. Esposito. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

"Secularization in Islamic Societies: Reality or Western Myth?" in Secularization and Religion:

            The Persisting Tension. Acts     of the XIXth International Conference for the Sociology of                    Religion, Tubingen, Germany. 25-29 August 1987.

"Islamic Renewal and the `Failure of the West'," in Religious Resurgence, ed. Richard Antoun

            and Mary E. Hegland. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1987.

"Islamic Fundamentalism and Regional Dynamics," in The Gulf War: Regional and International

            Dimensions, ed. Hanns W. Maull and Otto Pick. London: Pinter, 1989.

"Arabs and Westerners: A Historical View," The World & I (February 1990).

"Forward," to Abdullahi Ahmed An-Na'im, Toward an Islamic Reformation (Syracuse, Syracuse

            University Press, 1990)

with Fred von der Mehden, "Religious Resurgence and Islam," in Revolution and Political

            Change in the Third World, ed. B.M.Schutz and R.O.Slater. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner,


with John L. Esposito, "Khurshid Ahmad: Muslim Activist-        Economist," The Muslim World 80,

            No. 1 (Jan. 1990).

"Islamic Issues for Muslims in the United States," in The Muslims           of America, ed. Yvonne Y.

            Haddad (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991)

"Fundamentalism in the Sunni Arab World: Egypt and the Sudan," in Fundamentalisms

            Observed, ed. Martin E. Marty & R. Scott Appleby (Chicago: University of Chicago

            Press, 1991).

"Religion and Politics in Islamic Africa," in The Religious Challenge to the State, ed. Matthew

            C. Moen & Lowell S. Gustafson (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992).

"Conservative and Traditional Brotherhoods," Annals, AAPSS 524 (November 1992).

"Forward," to Richard P. Mitchell, The Society of the Muslim Brothers reprint (New York:

            Oxford University Press, 1993)

"Diversity & Unity in Middle Eastern Societies: The Dangers of Static Images and Changing

            Realities," in The Middle East -- Unity and Diversity, ed. Heikki Palva and Knut Vikor              (Copenhagen: NIAS Books, 1993).

"Jihad," in Encyclopedia of Social History, ed. Peter N. Stearns (New York: Garland, 1994)

"Central Asia as a Part of the Modern Muslim World," in Central Asia in Historical Perspective,

            ed. B.Manz (Boulder:   Westview, 1994)

"The End of Civilization is Not So Bad," [MESA Presidential Address] Middle East Studies

            Association Bulletin, 28, No. 1 (July 1994).

"Islam as a Special World-System," Journal of World History 5, No.2 (Fall 1994). Reprinted in

            Bring History Alive, ed. R. Dunn & D. Vigilante (Los Angeles: UCLA, 1996) and in The

            New World History, ed. Ross Dunn (Boston: Bedford, 2000).

"Fundamentalism," and "Sufism: Sufi Orders," in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern

            Islamic World (Oxford University Press, 1995)

"Documenting Popular Religion: Issues from the Perspective of Islamic Studies," in

            Documenting Israel, ed. Charles Berlin (Cambridge: Harvard University Library, 1995).

"Abbasids," "Fatimids," "Mamluks," "Moghuls," "Ottomans," in The HarperCollins Dictionary of

            Religion, J. Z. Smith, ed. (San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco/ American Academy of Religion, 1995)

"The Mistaken Identification of 'The West' with 'Modernity,' American Journal of Islamic Social

            Sciences 13, No. 1 (Spring 1996)

"Abduh and the Transvaal Fatwa: The Neglected Question," in Islam and the Question of Minorities, ed. Tamara Sonn (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1996).

"Advocacy Issues and Teaching about the Middle East," in Advocacy in the Classroom: Problems and Possibilities, ed. P. M. Spacks (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996).

"Relations Among Islamist Groups," in Political Islam: Revolution, Radicalism, or Reform?, ed.

            John L. Esposito (Boulder: Lynne Reinner, 1997)

"Sultans, Saints, and Presidents: The Islamic Community and the State in North Africa," in

            Islam, Democracy, and the State in North Africa, ed. John P. Entelis (Bloomington:

            Indiana University Press, 1997.

"Believing Intellectuals and their Contemporary Challenge," American Muslim Quarterly 1, No.

            1 (Fall 1997).

"Foreword," reprint edition of J. Spencer Trimingham, The Sufi Orders of Islam (New York:

            Oxford University Press, 1998)

"Islam," and "Mahdi," in The Encyclopedia of Politics and          Religion, ed. Robert Wuthnow

            (Washington: Congressional      Quarterly press, 1998)

"Foreword," in Marion Boulby, The Muslim Brotherhood and the Kings of Jordan, 1945-1993

            (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999).

"Renewal and Reformation in the Mid-Twentieth Century: Bediuzzaman Said Nursi and Religion in the 1950s," The Muslim World 89, No. 3-4 (July-Oct 1999).

"'Southernization' as a Construct in Post-Civilization Narrative," in The New World History, ed. Ross Dunn (Boston: Bedford, 2000).

"Foundations for Renewal and Reform," in The Oxford History of          Islam, ed. John L. Esposito

            (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000)

“Sample Syllabi: Syllabus 10. World History 1, Georgetown University,” in Teacher’s Guide: AP

            World History by Joan Arno (New York: The College Board, 2000).

With John L. Esposito, “Islam and the West: Muslim Voices of

Dialogue,” Millennium Journal of International Studies 29, No. 3 (2000)

“Islamic Studies: After Orientalism and Area Studies,” in Islamic Studies in ASEAN, ed. Isma-

ae Alee, et al. (Pattani, Thailand: College of Islamic Studies, Prince of Songkla

University, 2000)

“Forward,” in Javeed Akhtar, The Seven Phases of Prophet Muhammad’s Life (Oak Brook, IL:

International Strategy & Policy Institute, 2001)

“Bin Ladin and the Logic of Power,” in “The Terrorist Attacks on the US/ A Recruiting Tape of

Osama bin Ladin: Excerpts and Analysis” on (listed November


With John L. Esposito, “Islam and Democracy,” Humanities, December 2001.

“Ben Laden and the New Age of Global Terrorism,” Middle East Policy 8, No. 4 (December


“Muslims in the Caribbean: Ethnic Sojourners and Citizens,” in Muslim Minorities in the West:

Visible and Invisible, ed. Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad and Jane I. Smith (Walnut Creek,

CA: Altamira Press, 2002).

“Crossing Traditional Area Studies Boundaries: A ‘Middle East’ View,” Newsnet: The

Newsletter of the AAASS 42, no. 2 (March 2002).

“Islam & Islamic,” “Mahdi, Sadiq al-,” “Republican Brothers,” “Salafiyya,” “Turabi, Hasan al-,”

“Tajdid,” “West, Concept of in Islam,” in Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World,

ed. Richard Martin (New York: Macmillan Reference, 2004).

With John L. Esposito, “Islam and the West: Muslim Voices of Dialogue,” in Religion in

International Relations: The Return from Exile, ed. Fabio Petito & Pavlos Hatzopoulos

(London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)

“Pluralism and Islamic Perspectives on Cultural Diversity,” in Cultural Diversity and Islam, ed.

 Abdul Aziz Said and Meena Sharify-Funk (Lanham: University Press of America, 2003)

“Changing Western Approaches to Islamic Studies and Seyyed Hossein Nasr’s Vision,” in

Beacon of Knowledge: Essays in Honor of Seyyed Hossein Nasr, ed. Mohammad H.

Faghfoory (Louisville: Fons Vitae, 2003)

“Islam and Democracy: Is Modernization a Barrier?” in Modernization, Democracy, and Islam,

ed. Shireen Hunter and Huma Malik (New York: Praeger, 2004).

“Islamic renewal and the “failure of the West’,” in Decolonization: Perspectives from now and

then, ed. Prasenjit Duara (London: Routledge, 2004), pp. 199-217.

“Renewal and Reformation in the Mid-Twentieth Century: Bediuzzaman Said Nursi and

Religion in the 1950s,” in Globalization, Ethics and Islam: The Case of Bediuzzaman

Said Nursi, ed. Ian Markham and Ibrahim Ozdemir (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005).

“Sufi Brotherhoods: Transcultural/ Transstate Networks in the Muslim World,” in Interactions:

Transregional Perspectives on World History, ed. Jerry Bentley, Renate Bridenthal, and

Anand Yang (Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 2005) pp. 30-47.

“Afrikanischer localism und das islamische Weltsystem,” in Globalisierung im lokalen Kontext:

Perspektiven und Konzepte von Handeln in Afrika, ed. Roman Loimeier, Dieter Neubert,

and Cordula Weissköppel (Münster: LIT Verlag, 2005) pp. 277-309.

“African Muslims and Christians in World History: The Irrelevance of the ‘Clash of Civilizations’,”

in Muslim-Christian Encounters in Africa.ed. Benjamin Soares (Leiden: Brill, 2006), pp.17-38.

“Islam and Democracy,” Religion Compass 1 (November 2006).

“Islam,” “Mahdi,” and “Sudan.” in Encyclopedia of Religion and Politics, ed. Robert Wuthnow. 2nd

ed. (Washington: CQ Press, 2006)

“Revivalism, Shi’a Style,” The National Interest 87, Jan./Feb. 2007

“Transnational Islamic Trends,” in From Baghdad to Beirut… Arab and Islamic Studies in Honor

            of John J. Donohue, s.j., ed. Leslie Tramontini and Chibli Mallat. Beirut 2007.

“Contemporary Sufism and Current Social Theory,” in Sufism and the ‘Modern’ in Islam, ed.

Martin van Bruinessen and Julia Day Howell (London: I. B. Tauris, 2007), pp. 281-298.

Conclusion: Asian Islam at a Crossroads,” in Asian Islam in the 21st Century, eds. John L. Esposito,

John O. Voll, and Osman Bakar. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 261-289.





"The Non-Wahhabi Hanbalis of Eighteenth Century Syria," Der Islam 49, 2 (November 1972).

"Two Biographies of Ahmad ibn Idris al-Fasi, 1760-1839,"       International Journal of African

            Historical Studies 6, No.4 (1973).

"Muhammad Hayyat al-Sindi and Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab: An Analysis of an

            Intellectual Group in Eighteenth Century Madina," Bulletin of the School of Oriental and

            African Studies 38, 1 (1975).

"Old Ulama Families and Ottoman Influence in Eighteenth Century Damascus," American

            Journal of Arabic Studies 3 (1975).

"The Madhhab of Ibn Kannan, the Damascene Historian," Al-Abhath (Beirut) 24 (1971).

"Hadith Scholars and Tariqahs: An Ulama Group in the 18th Century Haramayn and their Impact

            in the Islamic World," Journal of Asian and African Studies 15, 3-4 (July-Oct. 1980).

"'Uthman b. Muhammad Fudi's Sanad to al-Bukhari as Presented in Tazyin al Waraqat," Bulletin

            of Information, International Academic Union, Commission XXII, Nos. 11/12 (1986/7).

"Linking Groups in the Networks of Eighteenth Century Revivalist Scholars: The Mizjaji Family

            in Yemen," in Eighteenth Century Renewal and Reform in Islam, ed. N. Levtzion and     J.O.Voll. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1987.

"Ibn Abd al-Wahhab, Muhammad," and "Wahhabis," in The Encyclopedia of Religion, ed. M.

            Eliade. Macmillan, 1987.

"Scholarly Interrelations Between South Asia and the Middle East in the 18th Century,"

            Proceedings of the South Asia Seminar (University of Pennsylvania), volume 3. (1988).

“Abdallah ibn Salim al-Basri and 18th Century Hadith Scholarship,” Die Welt des Islams 42, 3


“’Uthman B. Muhammad Fudi’s Sanad to al-Bukhari as Presented in Tazyin al-Waraqat,”

            (revised and reprinted) Sudanic Africa: A Journal of Historical Sources 13 (2002;

            published in 2004).

“Ibn ‘Abd al-Wahhab, Muhammad,” and “Wahhabiyyah,” in The Encyclopedia of Religion, ed.

Lindsay Jones (2nd ed.; New York: Macmillan, 2004) Revised articles for 2nd edition.





"A History of the Khatmiyyah Tariqah in the Sudan," (Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University,


"The British, the Ulama, and Popular Islam in the Early Anglo-Egyptian Sudan," International

            Journal of Middle East Studies 2, No. 3 (July 1971).

"Mahdis, Walis, and New Men in the Sudan," in Scholars, Saints, and Sufis, ed. N. Keddie.

            Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

 "Aspects of Diversity in the Sudan: Review Article," Africa Today 20, 3 (1973).

"Islam: Its Future in the Sudan," The Muslim World 63, 4 (October, 1973).

"Effects of Islamic Structures on Modern Islamic Expansion in the          Eastern Sudan," International

            Journal of African Historical Studies 7, 1 (1974).

"Unity of the Nile Valley: Identity and Regional Integration," Journal of African Studies 3, 2


"The Sudanese Mahdi: Frontier Fundamentalist," International Journal of Middle East Studies

            10, 2 (1979). Reprinted in Sufism: Critical Concepts, ed. Lloyd Ridgeon. New York:

            Routledge (edp 2008).

"British Nationalism and Imperialism in the Early Anglo-Egyptian Sudan," Journal of the

            American Institute for the Study of Middle Eastern Civilization 1, 2 (Summer 1980).

"Reconciliation in the Sudan," Current History 80, No. 470        (December 1981).

"Islam and Stateness in the Modern Sudan," Discussion Paper Series No. 4, Centre for

            Developing-Area Studies, McGill University (March 1983).

"The Evolution of Islamic Fundamentalism in Twentieth Century Sudan," in Islam, Nationalism

            and Radicalism in Egypt and the Sudan, ed. G. Warburg and U. Kupferschmidt. New

            York: Praeger, 1983.

"Tarikh al-Sudan," [Translation with notes of a section.] SSA [Sudan Studies Association]

            Newsletter 4, No. 2(Spring 1984)

The Political Impact of Islam in the Sudan: Numayri's Islamization Program (Washington:

            Department of State,     INR/LAR, No. 1722-420140, 1984)

"The Sudan After Nimiery," Current History 85, No. 511 (May 1986)

"The Mahdi's Concept and Use of `Hijrah'," Islamic Studies 26, No.1 (Spring 1987).

"Abu Jummayzah: The Mahdi's Musaylimah?" in Islam, Politics and Social Movements, ed. Ira

            Lapidus and Edmund Burke III. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1988.

"Northern Muslim Perspectives," in Conflict and Peacemaking in Multiethnic Societies, ed. J. V.

            Montville. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1990

"Sudan," in Religion in Politics: A World Guide, ed. Stuart Mews.          London: Longman, 1989

"Political Crisis in Sudan," Current History 89, No. 546 (April 1990)

"Islamization in the Sudan and the Iranian Revolution," in The Iranian Revolution: Its Global

            Impact, ed. John L. Esposito.    Miami: Florida International University Press, 1990.

"Sudan- Independence." Encyclopedia Americana.

"Governance in Khartoum: Basic Issues," in Dilemmas of the Horn, eds. Michael Lund and

            Francis Deng. Urban Institute Working Paper (Washington: Urban Institute, 1991)

"The Sudan," Yearbook on International Communist Affairs 1988.         Stanford: Hoover Institution.

            Also in YICA 1989, YICA 1990, and YICA 1991.

"Islam, Islamism, and Urbanization in Sudan: Contradictions and Complementarities," in

            Population, Poverty, and Politics in Middle Eastern Cities, ed. Michael Bonine.

            Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1997.

"Imperialism, Nationalism and Missionaries: lessons from Sudan for the twenty-first century,"

            Islam and Christian Muslim Relations 8, No. 1 (March 1997.

"Diversity and Conflict in Sudanese Politics," in Conflict Resolution in the Arab World, ed. Paul

            Salem (Beirut: American University of Beirut, 1997)

"Sudan," in The Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion, ed. Robert          Wuthnow (1998)

"Sudan," The Americana Annual 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996,

            1997, 1998, 1999, 2000 , 2001.

"The Eastern Sudan, 1822 to the Present," in The History of Islam in Africa, ed. Nehemia Levtzion and Randall Pouwels (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2000)

“The Crisis in Darfur: Community Building and Identity Politics,” Muslim Public Affairs Journal (April 2006), pp. 39-45  (Institute for Social Policy and Understanding, Policy Brief #14).




“Charging Opponents with Anti-Americanism is Old Politics,” in Islamophobia and Anti-

Americanism: Causes and Remedies, ed. Mohamed Nimer (2007).

"Scholars Should Avoid `Disaster Tourism' and Focus on Ways to Avoid Future Crises," The

            Chronicle of Higher Education, 22 May 1991.

"Scholars Must Combat Facile Generalizations About the Middle East," The Chronicle of Higher

            Education, 12 September 1990

"For Scholars of Islam, Interpretation Need Not Be Advocacy," The Chronicle of Higher

            Education, 22 March 1989.

"Main Street of Eurasia," ARAMCO World 39, No. 4 (July-August, 1988)

"The Contemporary Conflicts in Lebanon," NHCWA Bulletin (April 1984)

"Revolutions, Values, and Expectations in the Middle East," The New Hampshire Alumnus

            (September 1980).

"A Modular Organization for the History Introductory Course," New England Historical

            Association News 2, 2 (September 1975)

"Impressions of Contemporary Egypt," NHCWA Bulletin (Nov. 1979)

"Middle East Wrap-Up: Elections and Crises," NHCWA Bulletin (June             1977).

"Lebanon: Collapse of Community," NHCWA Bulletin (May, 1976).

"The Middle East Crisis: The Historical Perspective," New Hampshire Council on World Affairs

            Bulletin (NHCWA Bulletin)       (April-May 1974).

"Lebanon's Impossible Options," Worldview (September, 1973).


              FORMAL LECTURES & UNPUBLISHED PAPERS. (Selected, recent)

“Area Studies, Academia, and Federal Policy Makers,” Presentation to annual meeting of the

            National Humanities Alliance, Philadelphia, 8 May 2003.

“Sufism in the Perspective of Contemporary Theory,” paper presented at conference on “Sufism

and the ‘Modern’ in Islam,” Bogor, Indonesia, 6 Sept 03.

“Asian Islam at a Crossroads: Islam in South and Southeast Asia at the Beginning of the 21st

Century,” Agenda paper prepared for the East-West Center, Honolulu. September 2003.

“Transnational Islamic Trends,” paper presented at conference on “The Middle East and South

            Asia: Strategic Changes and Continuities after Iraq,” NESA 11th Annual Conference,

Tyson’s Corner, Virginia, 28 May 2004.

“’Neo-Sufism Reconsidered’ Reconsidered,” paper presented at the annual meeting of the

African Studies Association, New Orleans, 13 Nov. 2004

“Music and Popular Culture as Resources for Teaching about Islam,” presentation at the annual

meeting of the Middle East Studies Association, San Francisco, 21 Nov. 2004.

“Insiders and Outsiders in the Study of Religion,” presentation in Special Topics Forum on

“Academic Freedom and Academic Responsibility in the Study of Religion,” at the

annual meeting of the American Academy of Religion, San Antonio, 22 Nov. 04

“World History and the End of Civilization,” in Lecture Series“World History” at Zentrum

Moderner Orient, Berlin. 24 Feb 2005.

“Changing Policy Images of Political Islam: From Residual Traditionalism to Populist Threat,”

presentation in “Arab Studies: A Critical Review,” annual symposium by Center for

Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University, 31 March 2005.


               BOOK REVIEWS (in the following journals)

Africa Today

Africana Journal

American Historical Review

American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences

American Political Science Review

Arab Perspectives

Canadian-American Slavic Studies

Cross Currents

Economic History Review

International History Review

International Journal of African Historical Studies

International Journal of Middle East Studies

Islamic Law and Society

Journal of Asian and African Studies

Journal of Interdisciplinary History

Journal of Islamic Studies

Journal of the American Oriental Society

Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences


MESA Bulletin

Middle East Journal

Muslim World